You and Your Business: Choosing the Right Form of Ownership

The form of ownership you choose for your company can have lasting legal, financial, and tax implications. Here's a review of some of the most common business structures.

 

•Sole proprietorship -- Under this arrangement, one person owns 100% of the business. Taxes are paid using a regular Form 1040, with the addition of a Schedule C to report profits and losses, and a Schedule SE for self-employment tax. While a sole proprietorship is easy to establish, since you and your business are considered the same entity, you potentially face unlimited personal liability if you are sued or become unable to pay your debts.

 

•General partnership -- A partnership is essentially two or more business owners operating under one entity. Ownership can be divided any way the partners see fit, and partners report only their portion of profits or losses on personal income tax forms. As with sole proprietorships, partners can be held personally liable for the debts of the partnership.

 

•Limited liability company (LLC) -- An LLC retains the tax structure and flexibility of a general partnership, but without the personal exposure to liability. Instead, the LLC itself is responsible for company debts and any potential legal claims.

 

•C-corporation; S-corporation -- Corporations also shelter owners from personal liability, but C-corporations get taxed twice -- once as a corporate entity and again on the owners' personal income that is passed through as dividends. In most states, S-corporations avoid the double-tax dilemma by passing profits directly to owners, but they are mired in special rules and regulations that make them more complicated to administer.

 

If you have yet to choose a structure for your business, or if you feel that your business may benefit from a new structure, make sure you talk through the issues with an attorney who is well versed in the legal aspects of business formation as well as an accountant who understands the potential tax implications.

 

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Robert J. Pyle, CFP®, CFA is president of Diversified Asset Management, Inc. (DAMI). DAMI is licensed as an investment adviser with the State of Colorado Division of Securities, and its investment advisory representatives are licensed by the State of Colorado. DAMI will only transact business in other states to the extent DAMI has made the requisite notice filings or obtained the necessary licensing in such state. No follow up or individualized responses to persons in other jurisdictions that involve either rendering or attempting to render personalized investment advice for compensation will be made absent compliance with applicable legal requirements, or an applicable exemption or exclusion. It does not constitute investment or tax advice. To contact Robert, call 303-440-2906 or e-mail info@diversifiedassetmanagement.com.

 

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